How do CAT4 results help your child do better

CAT4 is the new edition of the Cognitive Abilities Test and is the UK’s most widely used assessment of ability. It’s available on demand throughout the year.

It provides teachers with essential data to help personalise learning, engage with parents, and monitor progress. It supports measuring student abilities and the admissions process into selective schools. There are 4 areas of reasoning which are measured; quantitative, verbal, non-verbal and spatial. The last skills is extremely important for science, technology, engineering, and maths. This is an ability not measured by other tests at school such as the 11+ or SATs.

Individualised Learning

By understanding a child’s strengths, weaknesses, and learning preferences teaching can be adapted accordingly and talented pupils can be pushed ahead while pupils with low ability can be provided learning support or screened for learning difficulties.

Identifying Learning Styles

From a child’s ability profile it becomes clear if they have a bias towards spatial skills and will learn better through flow charts and diagrams but may struggle with verbal based subjects. Pupils with an extreme verbal bias will learn well through written texts, writing and discussion but may struggle with STEM subjects. Pupils with a balanced profile will respond to all types of teaching styles.

Helping Students

Underachieving pupils can be provided with targeted measures to remove barriers to learning. Appropriate goals can be set and monitored, with progress indicators. The results are good indicators to GCSE, A-level and IB course success and the individual student report for teachers provides data that helps to understand a pupils learning profile. The implications for teaching and learning arre profound and base deicisions on objective not subjective opinion.


CAT4 supports personalized learning and improves parental engagement, provides direction for informed intervention strategies. Specialized reports are available for senior school leaders to help provide strategic direction to areas where the school or class as a whole can improve. The CAT4 is not about knowledge recall and requires no preparation, although I argue that familiarity of the question format and online delivery helps. There are three ability batteries that are not dependent on language so it is highly suitable for second language students too. CAT4 is available throughout the year and results are available immediately. The CAT4 tests attempt to offer all pupils the same opportunity to show their underlying ability – at least that’s the theory!

CAT4 love it or hate it let me know in the comments section below.

How to improve your child’s vocabulary for the 11+

Having a better chance of scoring highly in the eleven plus you need to focus on vocabulary, an area that many children find difficult.

What to expect during your 11 plus tests?

The 11 plus test is designed to assess whether grammar school is a suitable choice for your child. More importantly whether or not if it is the best place for your child to thrive. The test is broken up into four main areas so in the assessment you can expect questions based on English, Maths, Non-Verbal Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning.

Improving Vocabulary Skills for the 11 Plus

Vocabulary can account for 10% to 15% of the marks in the 11+ exam so your child really needs to make sure they do well in these questions. You’ll need a good quality children’s dictionary – children nowadays use the internet to look up definitions but sometimes the definitions online are confusing. A lot of times they don’t know what they are reading so its better to use a dictionary that uses language they can easily understand.

Probably the most important way of teaching a child new vocabulary is to first introduce the word and then place the word into context and then repeat this a few times so they really get the meaning. This is generally the way we learn when we are very young and continues to work even when we are older. If your child asks you the meaning of a word its a perfect opportunity to provide an explanation but normally just by hearing the word in context the meaning will become obvious. If they do ask you the meaning get them to look it up in the dictionary as a first step.

Varying the Teaching

Of course to make it more fun sommetimes you can ask them to use tools like Siri on your phone. Kids really like using technology and it adds a bit of variety so that learning new words isn’t too boring. Another way of improving vocabulary is by using flashcards and colours to help your child recommend difficult words. Your child should help make them and will definitely remember many of the words because of this. Try to vary the way you make the flash cards to again trigger your child’s memory; you could use felts, crayons and paint. On the reverse of the card put the definition so that when you test your child the answer is readily available.

To further expand your child’s vocabulary you could use a thesaurus and also write the synonyms too. I suggest you write one or two words that your child already knows the meaning of and then write the new words next to it to help expand their knowledge. Flashcards should become part of your daily routine so stick them on your fridge and get your child to look at them at meal time and test them in the morning while having breakfast. You could even test them on the way to school in the car or as you walk along. Don’t do this all the time because you can go overboard but a couple of times a week will help your child’s recall.

It’s also a good idea to put some words away for a few weeks before pulling them out again to see what has been remembered. It is particularly important to point out prefixes and suffixes in words and any other clues that a word has in order to determine its meaning.

There are also a number of Bond and CGP books with verbal reasoning questions that can help your child pickup on patterns, synonyms or antonyms. Spread out all these techniques, there’s no need to do all of this in one week. The 11 plus is all about having understanding as well as recall. One week you might want to focus on new words and cut back on some of their other homework.

If they don’t know how to pronounce the word then they need to practice saying the word out loud by reading story books or following audiobooks which can add a little more context around the word. Reading out a word can help them to grasp the definition as well.

Some more tips on increasing vocabulary

1. Conversation, conversation, conversation

Speak to your chldren all the time and most critically don’t overly dumb down your language. Young children will learn the most difficult of words so itis important to immerse them in new vocabulary from the start. It is truely amazing the amount of words a young child learns and the wider the vocabulary the better a child can score on the 11+.

2. Read and listen to your child

You should has regular reading time with your child where you not only read to your child but also listento your child reading. Firstly the interest you show to reading will help your child love reading, secondly you will be modelling the correct reading style with appropriate intonation and pronounciation, thirdly you will provide feedback when your child is reading. It also gives your child an opportunity to immediately ask about vocabulary they do not understand.

The above routine should not stop even after your child can read independently. Children enjoy listening to stories especially from books which they find too difficult. Find books and material which interest them and use non-fiction too. You’ll be surprised at how interested they are when you read an article on the first Space X launch !!

If you do the above religiously you will be amazed at how quickly reading skills, vocabulary, and comprehension develop.

3. Play word games

As well as playing the traditional eye spy and scrabble types games you can try something like going through the alphabet and providing a word for each letter in turns. Another variation is the last letter of the word as the first letter of the word you need to think of or simpy as many words as possible for one randomly chosen letter in the alphabet.

All these games will provide your child with useful skills that will be helpful when its time for the 11+.

4. Make sentences for new words

Make new sentences of the word – this really helps your child understand how the word can be used. Also if the word has multiple meanings it can help your child understand the subtleties of English. It’s one thing knowing how to say a word another knowing what it really means and using it in your own context. Weekly spelling tests are excellent way of introducing new vocabulary but an added exercise it to create new sentences using the words ! This proves that the child really knows wha the word means – an invaluable skill that is very useful for the 11+.

5. Write, write, write and write some more.

Writing is difficult for most adults, only because they didn’t do enough of it when they were children. The first step in writing is to just write ! It doesn’t matter what the topic is, it doesn’t matter about spelling and sentence structure, children just need to start writing. Everything else can be fixed later. Although there is no set 11+ section that requires a written piece of work – if your child can write they can read and understand words better. Have a weekly journal, choose topics for your children or simply ask them to write about their day. Review their work and provide feedback to help them improve, but don’t be overly critical about grammar and punctuation – it takes time to develop a plot and technical details are the last thing on a child’s mind. The bottom line is to just write.

6. Create a daily word

This tip is something I did with my kids and it worked wonders. Use letter magnets to make new words every day. Use your fridge as the wall or a magnetic white board which is visible from the place at which you eat your breakfast. The word can then become a topic of conversation and can be used in sentences to help understanding. An easy but very effective way to help your child learn new words. You could even reward your child for using the new word during the day !

7. Have a dictionary and thesaurus

It is essential that these two books are accessible to your child at home. You will be amazed at how they’ll just start looking up words for fun. You could also reinforce their use by asking for synonyms of new words you’ve introduced or ask them to expand their writing a little by using richer adjectives and adverbs. Reinforcing the use of new words by simply being a part of your child’s learning journey will help your child to grow their vocabulary and hopefully pass the 11+with flying colours.

If you have some tricks please let me know in the comments below…

What are the effects of COVID-19 on the 11 plus?

Should the 11+ be pushed back as suggested by the government to as late as November? The guidance which is only advisory indicates that children are not “likely to perform to their utmost ability in a test at the beginning of September” because of school closures during coronavirus. This raises “the elephant in the room” – with current restrictions in schools will children actually get enough education in the extra few months to make up for all that was lost before the summer holidays?

Generally grammar school entry tests are held in September but the guidance from the Department of Education has advised selective schools to move the 11+ back to “late October or November”. The problem is parents will be choosing a school they would like their child to attend without knowing if they qualify and that their child can pass the school’s selection test – the 11+. The Department of Education continues further and advises parents to use their final preference for a local non-selective school since they probably won’t know the results of the pre admission 11 plus by 31st October.

The government also recommends local councils where selective schools are avialable provide at least one extra preference – but appreciate some software used to track results can’t handle the change. The whole situation has left the 11 plus hanging with the possibility that parents won’t know which school their child will go to until early November.

However the guidance is only advisory and will not “prescribe a single course of action”. This will be for admission authorities to decide. The governement has also said written tests should continue to be run under exam conditions, but schools should follow “stringent health measures”. Does this mean cubicles? More cost and delay for schools…

What happens to at risk students?

Children that are at risk will not be able to attend due to shielding and quarantine. No clear plan for their tests to be completed at home. Does the test at home also makes it unfair and the conditions will differ from child to child with a risk of invalidating the tests as fair and equal.

A list of changes along with links is available on this page;

The 11+ was suppose to be a test of a child’s knowledge from year 1 to year 5 but with COVID the final months of year 5 were possibly not taught well online. Furthermore the revision of the material before the 11+ was probably not done. In these circumstances how valid and fair are is the 11+? Let me know your thoughts.

You can try a few questions right now, which are similar to a real 11+ (click here).

What Skills Do You Need To Pass The 11+?

The 11 plus is an entrance exam used by grammar schools and private schools all around the country. As a parent who can’t afford to pay for a private school we have to hope that our child can pass and get into one of the grammar schools. As a parent we want the best for our children and want them get a good start to life and not to be disadvantaged. We all know the school your child goes to will have a direct impact on their future.

Areas Tested in the 11 Plus

Not all tests are built equally and different counties will use different versions – there are two exam boards which design tests (CEM and GL) and its worth asking the school which one your child will be sitting. Generally the areas (or disciplines) being tested are Maths, English, Verbal Reasonining and Non-verbal Reasoning.

11 Plus Exam

Maths and English in the 11+ test check a child’s understanding of these subjects up to the end of year 5 but its worth covering a lot of year 6 too. The questions stretch the material and assume your child has gone to the best school which has pushed up to the edge of the curriculum – its definitely worth covering this material and practicing at a year 6 level.

Non-verbal and verbal reasoning are a little different and don’t directly cover the material your child has covered at school. What they do test is your child’s vocabulary and ability to see patterns, sequences and connections in words and symbols. It’s unlikely your child will ever have done these types of questions at school so its definitely worth practicing 11+ questions in these areas.

English 11+ Practice Questions

The English skills being tested during the 11 plus test is essentially the same as the work done during KS1 and KS2. The problem is the type of questions being presented are different to what the student is accustomed to. Practice, practice, and more practice is key.

Some of the topics which will come up in he 11+ English section are shown below. A complete set of exercises area available on this site;

Adjectives, Adverbs, Alliteration, Ordering Alphabetically, Antonyms, Apostrophes, Questions, Capital Letters, Commas, Compound Words,Comprehension, Connectives / Conjunctions, Direct Speech, Fact and Opinion, Vocabulary, Indirect Speech, Metaphors, Negatives, Nouns, Onomatopoeia, Paragraphing, Prefixes, Prepositions, Pronouns, Punctuation, Rhyme, Sentence Openers, Similes, Spelling, Suffixes, Synonyms, Their, They’re and There, Verbs, Your and You’re

Maths 11+ Practice Questions

The Maths skills, just like English, tested during the 11 plus is essentially the same as the work done during KS1 and KS2. The problem is the type of questions being presented are different to what the student is accustomed to. Practice, practice, and more practice is key just like before !

Some of the topics which will come up in he 11+ Maths section are shown below. A complete set of exercises area available on this site;

Addition and Subtraction, Compare and Order Numbers, Decimal Numbers, Fractions, Handling Data, Measures, Multiples, Multiplication and Division, Negative Numbers, Number Sequences, Percentages, Perimeter and Area, Place Value, Position, Properties of Numbers, Ratio, Rounding Numbers, Shapes, Solving Problems, Time

Verbal Reasoning 11+ Practice Questions

This section of the 11 plus is something new to students. Its tests the students ability to see patterns between words and a wide vocabulary is essential. Synonyms, antonyms, and other such word matching skills are critical. Below are some of the areas which generally will appear in the 11 plus test;

Anagrams, Similes, Complete Sums and Words, Compound Words, Follow Logical Instructions, Find Hidden Words, Insert Letters, Connect Letters / Words / Numbers / Symbols, Make Words, Make Larger Words, Move Letters, Number Series, Grouping Words, Opposite Meetings, Words Questions, Related Numbers / Words, Same Meaning, Odd Words Out, Word Connections, Word-Number Codes, Words with Multiple Meanings

Non-Verbal 11+ Practice Questions

Non-verbal skills are the least familiar questions for students and parents. The questions are very similar to what you would see in a IQ test with lots of shapes and patterns which need to be completed or grouped. The test is designed to determine a child’s intelligence and aptitude. The ability to learn new subjects is incredibly important and goes hand in hand with subject specific knowledge. Although this area is difficult to revise for there are still strategies and exercises that can be used to develop certain skills ad abilities which will help.

Here are some areas which can be reviewed and practiced to help improve and develop the skills required to do better in this area;

Similar shapes and figures, Breaking Codes, Completing Series of Shapes, Matrices, Find the Odd One, Analysing Shapes and Letters,

Pratice Questions

Watch this space for some practice exercises and quizzes which we’ll soon be adding to the site. If you think of anything that you need to be included please don’t hesitate to comment with details. I’ve put together a short online quiz which you can try now (click here).