The CAT4 consists of 8 individual tests to evaluate a student’s **Verbal Reasoning** (VR), Non **Verbal Reasoning** (NVR), Quantitative **Reasoning** (QR) and **Spatial Awareness **(SA).

Individual tests are between 8-10 minutes and consist of the following;

- Figure Classification
- Figure Matrices
- Verbal Classification
- Verbal Analogies
- Number Analogies
- Number Series
- Figure Analysis
- Figure Recognition

**Verbal Reasoning** (VR)

Verbal reasoning is the ability to understand, classify, and identify patterns in words. The CAT4 measures a child’s ability in this area using a **verbal classification **test and a **verbal analogies **test.

The **verbal classification test** presents the student with a number of words which are related in some way. The student then needs to select another word from five other words which is associated in a similar way with the group presented.

The **verbal analogies test **requires the student to determine the relationship between a pair of words. A third word will then be presented and the student needs to use the relationship from the first pair to select a fourth word. This helps to assess the ability to determine verbal connections, relationships, and patterns.

## Quantitative **Reasoning** (QR)

**Quantitative Reasoning** is the ability to apply mathematical skills to real world problems. It requires the identification of similarities and patterns in numbers to help analyse and determine conclusions which are based on logical relationships. The CAT4 measures a child’s ability in this area using a **number analogies **test and a **number series **test.

The **number analogies test **provides pairs of numbers which are linked together in some way using a logical rule. The third pair needs to be completed by selecting from five options presented. The relationship determined by analyzing the first two pairs needs to be applied to the third third number to select the correct answer.

The **number series test **presents a series of numbers which are related using a rule or function. The student needs to analyze the numbers and determine the function / rule and calculate the next number in the sequence. This number needs to be selected from the five options presented.

## Non **Verbal Reasoning** (NVR)

**Non-verbal reasoning **is the ability to visually understand shapes, their relationships and patterns, differences, and similarities. The CAT4 measures a child’s ability in this area using a **figure classification test** and a **figure matrices test**.

The **figure classification test **presents a group of shapes which are similar in some way. The student then needs to select one of the other five shapes presented that also belong to the group due to the shared characteristic.

The **figure matrices test **is about recognizing the way shapes change and how to apply this change to other shapes. The student will be presented with three shapes in a square with a fourth shape missing. The change between the first two shapes will need to be applied similarly to the third shape to decide which shapes from the five options is the missing fourth shape.

**Spatial Awareness **(SA)

**Spatial Reasoning** is the ability to solve complex three dimensional problems by mentally visualizing, manipulating, rotating, and transforming images. The CAT4 measures a child’s ability in this area using a **figure analysis test **and a **figure recognition test**.

The **figure analysis test **presents the user with a square that has been folded and hole punched a number of times. The student needs to visualize how the square would look unfolded and select the correct option from the five presented.

The **figure recognition test **evaluates the students ability to recognize shapes within other shapes. The user is asked to simply identify the presence of a shape in one of five complex pictures.